Tuesday, 6 December 2016

Minister Maryam Monsef

OTTAWA — Minister Maryam Monsef, who was tasked to fulfill the irresponsible election promise of Justin Trudeau, had to apologize in the Commons Chamber, after she misrepresented the report of the SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON ELECTORAL REFORM, when she accused them of shirking their duties and not making the kind of recommendations her Party wanted.

In her ‘come-down’ backtracking, she said she used words that she “deeply regrets” and in no way meant to imply committee members hadn’t worked hard or focused on the task at hand.

Opposition MPs were roused by Monsef’s dismissive response to the Committee Report, which recommended a Proportional Voting System, along with a National Referendum.

Monsef wrongly accused the Committee of failing to give a specific replacement choice, even though its mandate was to “identify and conduct a study of viable alternate voting systems to replace the first-past-the-post system.”

We recall that during the 2015 campaign, Trudeau promised that the October election would be the last to take place under the “first-past-the-post” system, which socialist critics say does not fully reflect the will of voters. 

Trudeau claimed the Committee’s job was to determine whether there was general consensus among parties on a way to move forward on electoral change.   He said there didn’t seem to be.   He was wrong.   There is a clear road, and it is through a referendum with a multiple-choice ballot that includes the option of keeping the current system.   The governments plan is to introduce legislation in the spring.

Many have said that the government should allow Canadians to decide whether or not to change the rules of their democracy, by using the most democratic method — a referendum, a vote by the people.

So, what did the Committee actually say, as compared to what the media says it recommended?


Recommendation 1

The Committee recommends that the Government should, as it develops a new electoral system, use the Gallagher index in order to minimize the level of distortion between the popular will of the electorate and the resultant seat allocations in Parliament. The government should seek to design a system that achieves a Gallagher score of 5 or less.

Recommendation 2

The Committee recommends that, although systems of pure party lists can achieve a Gallagher score of 5 or less, they should not be considered by the Government as such systems sever the connection between voters and their MP.

Recommendation 3

The Committee recommends that mandatory voting not be implemented at this time.

Recommendation 4

The Committee recommends that online voting not be implemented at this time.

Recommendation 5

The Committee recommends that Elections Canada explore, in collaboration with relevant stakeholder groups, the use of technologies to promote greater accessibility of the vote while ensuring the overall integrity of the voting process.

Recommendation 6

The Committee recommends that the House of Commons refer the question of how to improve the accessibility of voting for Canadians with disabilities, while ensuring the overall integrity of the voting process, to the Standing Committee on Procedure and House Affairs.

Recommendation 7

The Committee recommends that any electoral reform seek to enhance the likelihood of improving voter turnout and to increase the possibilities for historically disenfranchised and underrepresented groups (i.e. women, persons with disabilities, Indigenous peoples, visible minorities, youth, and Canadians of lower economic means) to be elected. [Note that this recommendation applies to both Chapter 7 and Chapter 8]

Recommendation 8

The Committee recommends that the Government amend the Canada Elections Act to create a financial incentive (for example through reimbursement of electoral campaign expenses) for political parties to run more women candidates and move towards parity in their nominations.

Recommendation 9

The Committee recommends that, working with the provinces and territories, the Government explore ways in which youth under 18 years of age could be registered in the National Register of Electors, preferably through the school system, up to two years in advance of reaching voting age.

Recommendation 10

The Committee recommends that the Government accord Elections Canada the additional mandate, and necessary resources, to encourage greater voter participation, including through initiatives such as Civix’s Student Vote, and by better raising awareness among Canadians of existing options to vote prior to Election Day (voting at an advance poll, voting by mail, voting at any Elections Canada office).  

Recommendation 11

The Committee recommends that electoral system reform be accompanied by a comprehensive study of the effects on other aspects of Canada’s “governance ecosystem”, namely:

 the relationship between, and operations of, the legislative and executive branches of government;

 the relationship between, and operations of, the House of Commons and the Senate;

 parliamentary procedure and conventions related to government formation and dismissal;

 the impact on the operations of political parties.

Recommendation 12

Observation: The Committee acknowledges that, of those who wanted change, the overwhelming majority of testimony was in favour of proportional representation. The Committee recognizes the utility of the Gallagher Index, a tool that has been developed to measure an electoral system’s relative disproportionality between votes received and seats allotted in a legislature, as a means of assessing the proportionality of different electoral system options.

The Committee recommends that:

 The Government hold a referendum, in which the current system is on the ballot;

 That the referendum propose a proportional electoral system that achieves a Gallagher Index score of 5 or less; and

 That the Government complete the design of the alternate electoral system that is proposed on the referendum ballot prior to the start of the referendum campaign period. .

Recommendation 13

The Committee recommends that Elections Canada should produce and make available to the public materials describing any option, including maps depicting potential electoral district boundaries applicable under that option and sample ballot design, prior to the start of the referendum campaign period.

Saturday, 26 November 2016

Castro Dead at 90

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz  August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016
A lot of people died because this man used violence to seize power to become Cuba's dictator.   He did it for the same reasons that all tyrants take over, for their huge ego for power, and their twisted ideas about coercive social engineering.   He nearly facilitated a war of nuclear missiles.   He held power, through an extensive insidious network of community snitches, that fostered family betrayal, and a culture of social lies.   Evil ideas bring very bad social consequences.   Castro also exported his misery through military exploits.   There was no social redeeming value to what the Castro Regime did to Cubans.   His legacy should be sorrow for the millions he hurt.   Consequently, our Prime Minister got it very wrong.
Open Letter to Prime Minister Trudeau: Honour Castro’s Victims By Not Attending His Funeral
Lisa Raitt  MP·
Saturday, November 26, 2016
Prime Minister Trudeau,
To mark the passing of former Cuban dictator Fidel Castro, you issued a statement in which you referred to Castro as a “larger than life leader” and a “legendary revolutionary” with “tremendous dedication and love for the Cuban people”. You issued this statement “on behalf of all Canadians”. Not in my name, Prime Minister. Not in the name of millions of Canadians who have no love for injustice. Canada is one of the greatest free societies in the world.
As our Prime Minister, you must retract this statement and apologize immediately. To quote your statement, which Cubans do you feel have a “deep and loving affection” for Castro? The thousands of dissenters he arrested and executed? The hundreds of thousands who fled Cuba, only to be shot if they returned? The members of the LGBT community whom he had arrested and jailed? The society that he has trapped in poverty for decades? These actions can’t be ignored.
In your statement, you dismissed Castro’s crimes as simply “controversial”. They were not controversial. They were egregious crimes against humanity, and you should be ashamed to give your approval to a brutal regime that exported terror. In the coming days, you will no doubt be invited to Castro’s funeral. I urge you to decline in the strongest terms. Canada must not be seen celebrating the life of a tyrant. The eyes of Canadians are watching you. Will you stand with the millions of oppressed Cubans or side with their oppressor? 
Lisa Raitt MP

Friday, 11 November 2016

We remember always, but especially on Nov 11th

Across Canada, we remember and give thanks for everyone who served, and is serving.  I have been to Vimy, and it is most special and emotional to walk those grounds.

100th anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge

The Government of Canada will mark the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge with commemorative ceremonies on April 9, 2017, at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial in France, the National War Memorial in Ottawa, and in major cities across the country.
The Government of Canada will take a delegation over to France and commemorative events are being prepared for France during the week of April 5 - 12, 2017. Events are tentatively planned to include the opening of the Visitor Education Centre and the signature event at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial on April 9, 2017.

Wednesday, 9 November 2016

Donald Trump Victory Speech Nov 2016

A transcript of Donald Trump's victory speech can be read below.
Thank you. Thank you very much. Sorry to keep you waiting. Complicated business. Thank you very much. I've just received a call from Secretary Clinton. She congratulated us. It's about us. On our victory. And I congratulated her and her family on a very, very hard fought campaign. She fought very hard. Hillary has worked very long and very hard over a long period of time and we owe her a major debt of gratitude to her service for our country.
Now its time for America to bind the wounds of division. We have to get together. To all Republicans and Democrats and Independents across the nation, I say it is time for us to come together as one united people. It's time.
I pledge to every citizen of our lands that I will be the president for the American people. For those who have chosen not to support me in the past, for which there were a few people, I'm reaching out to you for your guidance and your help so we can work together and unify our great country.
As I've said from the beginning, ours was not a campaign but rather an incredible and great movement made up of millions of hardworking American men and women who worked together to make America better for their family. It is a movement combined of all races, religions, backgrounds, and beliefs who want and expect to serve the American people and serve the people it will. Working together, we will begin the urgent task of rebuilding our nation while fulfilling the American dream. I've spent my entire life in business looking at the untapped potential of the American people all over the world.  
That is now what I want to do for our country. Tremendous potential. It's going to be a beautiful thing. Every single American will have the ability to realize their fullest potential. The forgotten men and women of our country will be forgotten no longer. We are going to fix our inner cities and rebuild our highways, schools, hospitals. We will rebuild our infrastructure. Which will become second to none, and we will put millions of our people to work as we rebuild it.
We will also finally take care of our great veterans who have been so loyal and I've gotten to know so many over this 18-month journey. The time that I have taken with them I consider among my greatest honors. We will embark upon a project of American growth and renewal. We will call upon the best and the brightest to leverage our tremendous talent to benefit all. It will happen. We will have a great economic plan. We will double our growth and build the biggest economy, anywhere in the world. At the same time we will get along with all other nations willing to get along with us.
We will have great relationships. We expect to have great great relationships. No dream is too big no challenge is too great. Nothing we want for our future is beyond our reach. America will no longer settle for anything less than the best. We must reclaim our country's destiny and dream big and bold and daring. We have to do that. We are going to dream of things for our country. Beautiful things. Successful things. Successful things once again. I wanna tell the world community that while we will deal with America's interests first, we will get along with all other nations, willing to get along with us. We will be. We will have great relationships. We expect to have great, great relationships. No dream is too big, no challenge is too great. Nothing we want for our future is beyond our reach. We will barely with anyone. All people and all other nations. We will seek common ground not hostility. Relationships not conflict.
 And now I'd like to take this moment to thank some of the people who have really helped me with this very historic victory. First, I would like to thank my parents, who are looking down on me right now. Great people. I've learned so much from them in every regard; truly great parents. My sisters, Mary Anne and Elizabeth, they're here with us tonight. They're very shy. And my brother, Robert, my great friend. My brother, Robert. And they should all be on this stage, they're so great. And also my late brother Fred, great guy, fantastic guy. Fantastic family. I was very lucky. Great, fantastic parents. To Melania and Don. And Ivanka and Eric. And Tiffany and Barron. I love you and I thank you and especially for putting with all of those hours this was tough. This political stuff is nasty and it's tough. So I want to thank my family very much. Thank you all. Thank you. And Lara, unbelievable job. Vanessa, thank you.
Unbelievable group. You've all given me such incredible support and I'd like to tell you we have a large group of people. Look at all these people. And KellyAnne. And Chris. And Rudy. And Steve. And David. We have got tremendously talented people up here and I have to tell you, it's been very special. I'd like to give a very special thanks to our former mayor Rudy Giuliani. Unbelievable. He traveled with us and he went to meetings. Rudy never changes. Rudy. Gov. Chris Christie, folks, was unbelievable. Thank you. The first man, first senator, first major, major politician. He is entirely respected in Washington because he is as smart as you'll get. Sen. Jeff Sessions. Great man. Another great man, very tough competitor. He was not easy. Oh, Rudy got up here. Another great man who has been a friend to me, but I got to know him as a competitor because he was one of the folks negotiating against those Democrats Dr. Ben Carson, get up here. Where is Ben? Where is Ben? And by the way, Mike Huckabee is here some place and he is fantastic. Gen. Mike Flynn. Where is Mike? And Gen. Kellogg. We have over 200 generals and admirals that have endorsed our campaign. And they're special people. It's truly an honor. We have 22 congressional Medal of Honor recipients we have truly tremendous people.
 A very special person who believed me, I never had a bad second with him, he is an unbelievable star. Let me tell you about Reince. I've said this. I've said Reince, I know it, I know it. Reince is a super star. But I said they can't call you a superstar Reince, unless we win. Because you can't be called a superstar — because if Secretariat came in second, Secretariat wouldn't have that beautiful bronze bust at Belmont. But I'll tell you, Reince is really a star and he is the hardest-working guy. And in a certain way I did this — where is Reince? Get him over here. Boy, oh boy, oh boy. It's about time you did this, Reince. Say a few words. Say something.
At that point, Reince Preibus (Chairman of the Republican National Committee) took the mic from Trump and said, "Ladies and gentlemen, the next President of the United States, Donald Trump. Thank you, it's been an honor, God bless, thank God."
Then Trump continued:
Amazing guy. Our partnership with the RNC was so important to the success with what we've done. So I've got to say I met some incredible people. The Secret Service people. They're tough and they're smart and they're sharp and I don't wanna mess around with them, I can tell you. And when I want to go to wave to a big group of people and they rip me down and put me down. But they are fantastic people, so I want to thank the Secret Service. And law enforcement in NYC. They're here tonight. These are spectacular people. Sometimes under appreciated but we appreciate them, honestly. With what they go through.
So. It's been what they call it a historic event, but to be really historic we have to do a great job. And I promise you I will not let you down. We will do a great job. I look very much forward to being your president. And hopefully at the end of two years or three years or four years or maybe even eight years, you will say so many of you worked so hard for us. And I can only say that while the campaign is over, our work is really just beginning. We're going to get to work immediately for the American people. And we're going to be doing a job that hopefully you'll be so proud of your president. You'll be so proud.
Again, it's been an honor. It's been an amazing evening. It's been an amazing two-year period. And I love this country. Thank you, thank you very much. Thank you to Mike Pence, thank you everybody.

Thursday, 13 October 2016

New United Nations Secretary-General

October 2016  António Manuel de Oliveira Guterres  (Portuguese)  -born 30 April 1949 is a politician and diplomat who is the designate Secretary-General of the United Nations.   Guterres was Prime Minister of Portugal from 1995 to 2002.   He also served for a time as President of the Socialist International.   He was the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees from June 2005 to December 2015.   In October 2016 the United Nations General Assembly elected him to become the next United Nations Secretary-General, succeeding the retiring Ban Ki-moon.  He takes over in January 2017.
Political career
His political career started in 1974, when he joined the Socialist Party.   Shortly thereafter, he quit his previous academic life, and became a full-time politician.   In the period following the Portuguese Carnation Revolution of 25 April 1974, which put an end to Caetano's dictatorship, Guterres was closely involved in the organization of the Socialist Party, especially the Lisbon section.   Guterres became one of the party leaders and held various offices.
His UN appointment was the result of a flawed process.   Essentially, the five permanent members of the U.N. Security Council (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States) find someone they can all live with.   If even one says no to a candidate, the candidate is out.   They then tell the rest of the Security Council, and ultimately the 193 states represented in U.N. General Assembly, to live with that choice.
The result is a lowest-common-denominator choice.   Someone who would not “rock the boat.” Someone who would not “spring surprises.”   In the worst case, it gives the super-pliant Kurt Waldheim (Austrian, 1986-1992) who elevated the role of the P5 (permanent five) even more.   In the best case, there is Dag Hammarskjöld (Swedish, 1953-1961) who tried to rise to the organization’s founding vision.
This time, as the search for Ban Ki-moon’s successor and the United Nation’s ninth secretary-general began, there were calls to make the process more transparent and more consultative, but in the end it was a controlled appointment.
Guterres is set to become the next United Nations Secretary-General on 1 January 2017, following his election by the UN General Assembly on 13 October 2016, based on the dictate of the 15-member UN Security Council.
The U.N. itself needs reform, especially on the Human Rights Council, so the new man has a big job for any change.   U.N. critics say that the problem has to do with the U.N. itself.   “We’re seeing very strong criticism by humanitarian workers about how U.N. agencies in Syria are effectively complicit with the regime (of Syrian President Bashar Assad) in distribution of aid,” which many fear is being used to benefit government supporters, said Hillel Neuer, executive director of U.N. Watch, a Geneva-based monitoring group.   “The secretary general is inheriting a big mess.”
The UN’s High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, this week said Russia and Syria may have committed war crimes in Aleppo.    U.N. leaders should change their rules, the commissioner said, so that permanent members of the U.N. Security Council cannot use their veto power to avoid referrals to the International Criminal Court.
Such an effort would have “no chance because Russia would veto it and China would veto that,” said Bill Richardson, a former U.S. ambassador to the U.N. under then-president Bill Clinton.   Each U.N. agency is its own fiefdom and they don’t like to be managed by a secretary general, Richardson said.
The world body does some good work, but  “a lot of the appointees in top positions are political patronage, so you don’t always get the best people,”  Richardson said.  “This is a huge bureaucracy with very serious management issues.”  
The socialist pedigree of António Guterres does not bode well for the world and the UN’s influence or helpfulness.
With files from USA Today and  www.theconversation.com

Monday, 3 October 2016

Shimon Peres (1923 – 2016)

Shimon Peres (August 2, 1923 – September 28, 2016)  was an Israeli statesman and the ninth President of Israel, serving from 2007 to 2014. Peres served twice as the Prime Minister of Israel and twice as Interim Prime Minister, and he was a member of twelve cabinets in a political career spanning nearly 70 years. Peres was elected to the Knesset in November 1959 and, except for a three-month-long hiatus in early 2006, served continuously until 2007, when he became President, serving in the role for another seven years. At the time of his retirement in 2014, he was the world's oldest head of state. He was considered the last link to Israel's founding generation.
       *       *       *       *       *       *       *      

Rick Noack, National Post Wire Services | September 30, 2016

JERUSALEM — It was only a brief moment, but the handshake between Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, will become one of the defining moments of the Shimon Peres funeral on Friday.   Peres died Wednesday at the age of 93.

Direct encounters between the two leaders are so rare, that their last meeting in 2015 was widely described as a “one-in-five-years handshake.”

“Long time, long time,” Abbas was quoted as saying to Netanyahu on Friday.  The Israeli Prime Minister responded: “It’s something that I appreciate very much on behalf of our people and on behalf of us.”

Soon afterward, Abbas was criticized by some for his welcoming gesture.  Social media commentators critical of Israel called him a “sellout,” a “wolf in sheep’s clothing” and one argued that “the Arab world won’t be happy.”

To some, the fact that one of the most newsworthy moments during the Shimon Peres funeral was a handshake between a Palestinian and Israeli leader, symbolizes the failure of peace efforts in the Middle East.   Peres shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994 for his role in finding an agreement on a peace framework between Palestinians and Israelis.

Despite their friendly encounter in Jerusalem on Friday, Netanyahu and Abbas have not directly negotiated since 2014, when the last official exchange took place.   The two leaders have also not held direct talks on controversial Jewish settlements since 2010.

Although Israeli media outlets speculated in advance about the possibility of a new handshake in Jerusalem on Friday, Haaretz newspaper argued that the gesture would have little impact.  “Even if Abbas does shake Netanyahu’s hand during the funeral, it is still unclear if the event will turn into an opportunity for an official meeting between the two leaders,” the paper wrote Thursday.

In addition to Abbas and Netanyahu, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, along with former prime ministers Jean Chrétien and Stephen Harper, were at the Mount Herzl national cemetery in Jerusalem.

Trudeau sat beside the Mexican president in the second row of mourners while Harper, Chrétien, interim Conservative Leader Rona Ambrose and Foreign Affairs Minister Stephane Dion sat together in the next row.

U.S. President Barack Obama and former president Bill Clinton delivered emotional eulogies, but Trudeau was not among the speakers at the solemn outdoor ceremony held in sweltering heat under a white tent.

Obama said that Peres showed that “justice and hope” are at the heart of Israel’s Zionist ideals.   “Shimon never saw his dream of peace fulfilled,” Obama said. “And yet he did not stop dreaming, and he did not stop working.”   Obama described the unlikely friendship he forged with Peres given their vastly different backgrounds.

“It was so surprising to see the two of us, where we had started, talking together in the White House, meeting here in Israel,” he said.  “I think both of us understood that we were here only because in some way we reflected the magnificent story of our nations.”   He said Peres never tired, never dwelled on the past, and always seemed to have another project in the works.   “It is that faith, that optimism, that belief, even when all the evidence is to the contrary, that tomorrow can be better that makes us not just honour Shimon Peres, but love him,” he said.

“The last of the founding generation is now gone,” he added. “Toda rabah haver yakar,” he said, Hebrew for “thank you so much dear friend.”   In an emotional eulogy, Bill Clinton described Peres as a “wide champion of our common humanity.”   Clinton was president when Peres negotiated a historic interim peace accord with the Palestinians in 1993.  He described a warm, 25-year friendship and dismissed critics who described Peres as a naïve dreamer.   He recalled a meeting with Peres where Israeli and Arab children sang together John Lennon’s “Imagine.”    “He started life as Israel’s brightest student, became its best teacher and ended up its biggest dreamer,” said Clinton.

“He lived 93 years in a state of constant wonder over the unbelievable potential of all the rest of us to rise above our wounds, our resentments, our fears to make the most of today and claim the promise of tomorrow,” he said.    It was an emotional return for Clinton, who eulogized Rabin at the same spot in Jerusalem following his assassination 21 years ago.

Former Canadian cabinet minister Stockwell Day attended the ceremony and said he hoped for a day when Israel would realize Peres’ hope for peace.   As the funeral began, Foreign Affairs Minister Stephane Dion sent out a tweet that said “Canada has lost a friend, Israel a father. Rest in peace, Shimon.” Netanyahu said the gathering of world leaders was a testament to Peres’ optimism, quest for peace and love for Israel. “He was a great man of Israel. He was a great man of the world. Israel grieves for him. The world grieves for him,” Netanyahu said.

Peres, Israel’s leading dove, and the hard-line Netanyahu were fierce political rivals and had vastly different world visions.  But Netanyahu said they enjoyed a strong personal relationship and described Peres as a man of vision.   “I loved you. We all loved you. Farewell Shimon. Dear man. Great leader,” he said.

Peres’ casket lay in state on Thursday outside the parliament building, where thousands of people, including Clinton, came to pay their respects. Early Friday, an honour guard escorted the casket, together with Peres’ family, along the short route to the cemetery.

After the funeral, the casket was led to the gravesite carried by eight members of an honour guard and led by soldiers carrying wreaths. Netanyahu and Obama chatted along the way, also talking with Peres’ family. An Israeli flag was removed from the casket as it was lowered into the ground in a plot alongside two other prime ministers, Rabin and Yitzhak Shamir.

With dignitaries seated around, soldiers passed bags of dirt to each other to cover the casket, and a military cantor recited the prayer for the dead.  After it was in the ground, it was covered in wreaths.

Sunday, 25 September 2016

The Royals arrive in Britsh Columbia

The Royals are in BC.   They are fabulous celebrities, but the working roles they fulfil are priceless.   The safeguards for Canadians through the Monarchy, for our way of life, is not easily understood, but it is real.    Monarchy for Canada really means something, unlike Hollywood celebrity, which mean nothing.    There is a latent power that is in reserve, and let’s hope it is never needed in Canada, to protect the people from a rogue government.

Impossible you say?    Well Trudeau was elected, and that should give pause for any serous person who is concerned about our nation.    The electoral debacle in the USA should make us all much more vigilant, to protect our country from shallow leadership elected through the means of Facebook.    

The Royals are part of our protection.    It is great when it all seems to come together, celebrity, great popularity, meaningful position, and political power in reserve.    Enjoy it while we can, for it was not always so, and it may turn sour in the future.    For now, enjoy!

A big thank you to these Royals for a job well done!


Tuesday, 9 August 2016

National Peacekeepers’ Day

Statement by the Prime Minister of Canada on National Peacekeepers’ Day

August 9, 2016 Ottawa, Ontario

The Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, today issued the following statement on National Peacekeepers’ Day:
Canada has a long and proud history of peacekeeping. For decades, brave Canadian women and men have put themselves in harm’s way to protect the world’s most vulnerable civilians – including women, children, and marginalized groups.
“On National Peacekeepers’ Day, we celebrate all those – past and present – who have worked selflessly to advance the cause of peace, democracy, human rights, and the rule of law around the world.
“Since the days of Lester B. Pearson, the members of our military and police forces – as well as many Canadian civilians – have made concrete contributions to the pursuit of hope and security in international conflict zones. These individuals stand for the very best of what it means to be Canadian.
“Moving forward, we will increase Canada’s support to United Nations peace operations: providing more personnel and training to UN peace support missions; increasing our conflict prevention, mediation, and peace-building efforts; advancing the roles of women and youth in the promotion of peace and security; and supporting UN reform efforts to make peace support initiatives more effective.

“Finally, on this day, let us pay tribute to the many Canadians who made the ultimate sacrifice during peacekeeping operations in distant lands so that both local populations and Canadians alike could enjoy a more peaceful world. We will remember and honour their selfless contributions to humanity.”